My New Quality-of-Life Statement to Attach to My Advance Directive

The goal of writing a quality-of-life statement is to have it express your personal preferences and to have it sound like you. One of the problems with many of the legal/medical forms is that they all sound alike and they don’t allow your voice to be heard. I encourage you to use the categories I have listed below to express what you would want people to know about you if you were too sick to speak for yourself. You can use some of my language from my document below if you would like but my goal is for you to make it personal and meaningful to you. You will know you have gotten it right if people say to you, “Yes, this is sounds like what he/she would say.” By making it feel personal, you will help your family/friends feel more confident that they are truly honoring your wishes.

Sections of QOL Statement to Consider Including in Your Directive:
? Types of illnesses where this advance directive would apply.
? What is important to me?
? What conditions would I find reprehensible to live with long term?
? CPR, ventilator and feeding tube preferences.
? Reassurances for the decision maker.
? What is a good death in my opinion?
? What I want the doctors know about honoring my religious/cultural beliefs both while I am sick and/or dying?

Here is my new quality-of-life or meaningful recovery statement. My wishes haven’t changed but how I am saying it is much more complete. Feel free to take any part of it you would like. Use the basic headings and then make it personal and meaningful for you. I would recommend attaching it as an addendum to a basic advance directive form that works in your state.

Advance Healthcare Directive for Viki Kind – dated 11/1/2012

Types of illnesses where this advance directive would apply whether I am terminal or not terminal.

I can never list every type of disease that might make me begin to lose my mental capacity but the list might include, but not be limited to: all types of dementias, stroke, brain injury, mental illness, anoxic event, etc. I don’t have to be completely out of it like being in a coma, persistent vegetative state, or minimally conscious state for this document to go into affect. And I don’t have to be terminal. The point is that I don’t want to have my life prolonged/sustained if my brain no longer works well enough to enjoy what is important to me.

What is important to me? (The loss of any of these might be enough for my decision maker to implement my wishes documented in this advance directive.)

To make a difference in the world.

To be able to communicate with those I love.

To receive the joy that comes from personal relationships.

To have some independence.

To be able to give love, not just receive people’s kindness.

To not be a burden on my family/friends – financially, emotionally or physically.

To have a good death as defined by me (see below).

What conditions would I find reprehensible to live with long term? (Please give me the chance to recover if recovery is possible, but if I am not recovering to a level of functioning that I would think is worthwhile, whether terminal or not, then choose comfort care and hospice which I understand will lead to my death.)

All of the following conditions do not have to be present at the same time for the decision to be made to allow me to die from my illness/injury. Any one of these conditions may be sufficient enough to change my course of treatment from prolonging my life to comfort care and allowing a natural death.

This list of “Conditions I would not want to live with” includes but is not limited to:

Not recognizing my loved ones.

Not being able to communicate by voice, computer or sign language.

Wandering around aimlessly.

Suffering that isn’t necessarily pain related.

Significant pain that can not be controlled.

Significant pain that requires so much medicine that I am sleeping all the time.

Having to live in a skilled nursing facility or sub-acute facility permanently with my cognitive impairment. Nursing homes create such sadness in me every time have I visited or have stayed overnight with a loved one. I am too empathetic and take in people’s suffering too easily to be in that environment. It would destroy me long term. A short-term stay in a SNF/rehab/sub-acute is okay if I can recover to a life that I would consider worth living. (I understand that with certain types of traumatic brain injuries, they take a longer period of time to evaluate whether or not recovery is possible.) But if it looks like I am not recovering, then no thank you.

Okay, now the CPR, ventilator and feeding tube conversation.

My overall guideline is that if CPR, ventilator support or a feeding tube/TPN can return me to what I would consider to be a meaningful existence, (what is important to me), then please give me CPR, ventilator support and/or a feeding tube/TPN. But there has to be value in these medical options and any other medical treatment choices that are being considered. Don’t do things, including but not limited to, antibiotics, etc., that are just to sustain my poor condition.

I am not opposed to living with a feeding tube/TPN if it gives me many years of being able to enjoy what is important to me. But if the feeding tube/TPN is just to sustain my miserable condition, (what I would consider reprehensible) then don’t put it in or give me feedings through it; and please take the feeding tube out if it is already in. (Okay, if I am on hospice and the feeding tube gives you access for administering the pain and suffering meds I need, then you can leave it in. But don’t put food or additional liquids in it.) The feeding tube, like all medical decisions, needs to create value in my life, not just sustain my life.

If I am still healthy and can still experience lots of the things that are important to me, then give me CPR. But as my health declines and CPR becomes less statistically successful, then make me a DNR. Just like many doctors, I don’t want to die by CPR. I want to die peacefully without life-prolonging medical interventions. (Doctor, please ask yourself the surprise question: Would I be surprised if Viki died during this hospitalization or died in the next 6 months? If the answer is “No, I wouldn’t be surprised,” then talk to my decision maker about end-of-life choices, including putting me on hospice.)

Reassurances for the decision maker

You are allowed to make the best decisions you can based on the circumstances and what you know at the time. You do not need to know for certain or absolutely that you have all the answers. The decision doesn’t have to be perfect. Use your heart and your head. I trust you to do the best you can. (Ed, you don’t have to go into super-perfectionist mode.)

I believe love does not obligate a person to sacrifice themselves to be the caregiver for another. The damage done to the caregiver, emotionally, physically and mentally is too costly. I do not expect someone to give up their mental, emotional and physical health for me. Look at the MetLife studies. Caregiving sucks. And I love my decision maker and alternates too much to impose such a burden on them.

(Ed, if you need some time to make peace with what has happened, then you can take the time you need. I don’t want the decision to feel rushed or uninformed, which would cause you a lifetime of regret.)

For you doctor, your role is to give my decision maker as much information as you can so he/she can make an informed decision. I encourage you to share your wisdom, guidance and experience but ultimately, it is my decision as expressed through my decision maker and this document. Remember, this document is an act of autonomy and should not be ignored by my decision maker/s, other family members, doctors or worst case, the courts. (I will definitely come back and haunt a judge who isn’t respecting my wishes.)

What is a good death in my opinion?

I would prefer to die at home but I realize that sometimes, a person needs to die somewhere else so I accept that. I would like to have my family/friends with me which includes and is limited to those I interact with on a regular basis. Those family/friends who have chosen to not be in my life while I was living should certainly not be there as I am dying. Because I like control over my life, I would like to be able to clean up my desk and to get my financial information updated. I would like to be able to write love letters, record messages and to say my goodbyes. (I will do my Go Wish Cards and leave a copy for my family.)

I would like to die with reasonable pain control. For the days leading up to the death, I would be willing to tolerate a certain amount of pain if that allowed me to have meaningful time with family/friends. But at the end, there had better be no pain and definitely, no air hunger. (That doesn’t mean ventilator support; it means manage my air hunger with medications.)

And you better not be force feeding me by mouth, by IV or by tube as that would increase my suffering. (And that includes you at the skilled nursing facility, sub-acute facility or other care community if I happen to be dying there. I know you have your regulations but I also know you can’t assault someone with food if they have said no when they had capacity.)

That’s it for now.

Viki Kind ________________________________

Date: 11/1/12

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12 Comments on "My New Quality-of-Life Statement to Attach to My Advance Directive"

  1. Paul Cronin on Thu, 8th Nov 2012 2:16 pm 

    Frank but wonderful advice. We should all examine this to see how it fits our life.

  2. Dee Bergan on Mon, 12th Nov 2012 3:27 pm 

    Viki, I really like this and will be sharing it with others. This type of statement is extremely helpful.

    Sounds like you had a very bad experience in court. Sorry about that. Being elected/appointed to the bench does not confer additional wisdom or life experience re end-of-life issues, unfortunately. Judges are simply men and women with black robes — some are better at this than others. Most probate judges take a long time to become comfortable with end-of-life decisions; many are terrified of these situations.

    Dee Bergan

  3. Art Passante on Sun, 30th Dec 2012 4:09 pm 


    Your quality of life statement is beautifully written, easy to understand and gives so much more information than any Advance Directive could ever provide. It not only assures you that your wishes are clearly stated, it also provides the decision maker with assurance that he/she is making the right decisions based on those wishes. As a decision maker, you would take away all doubt as to whether I was doing the right thing for you- knowing that I was following not only the letter of the law (AHCD) but the spirit (Quality of Life Statement) as well.

    Warmest regards,

    Art Passante, CLPF, NCG

  4. Viki Kind on Sun, 30th Dec 2012 5:43 pm 

    Thank you for your gracious comments. They mean a lot coming from someone who understands the complexity of these situations. Viki

  5. Dawn Ann Farnin, MSHCE on Wed, 2nd Jan 2013 7:04 pm 

    As a Health Care Ethicist (Bioethicst), I thank you, Viki. I am dedicated my life to engage people in writing their own advance directives with guidance, protection, and self-direction (Vimty project). Like you, I have had to deal with medical decision-making for loved ones who were dying and couldn’t get their voices heard so now I advocate for every single person to understand their end of life care rights and to make choices within an advance directive that reflects their choices and not others (who often mean well but should not be extremely influential based on personal judgments or prejudices). Hooray for you. Keep me posted and I will share with you and your audience when my advance directive Vimty project is available (I am designing it for the lay-person who needs to know they have end of life rights and based on those rights, they have choices that should and can be self-directed). Dawn Ann Farnin, MSHCE

  6. John on Sat, 5th Jan 2013 11:46 am 

    As a former ER nurse who dealt with this sort of thing far too often, I greatly appreciate this. Eloquently written and could not agree more. Thank you and I will be using this myself.
    John, RN

  7. Suzanne on Wed, 9th Jan 2013 1:14 pm 

    Viki, thank you for this document. As a volunteer hospice person, I think you have covered a lot of what I have unconsciously thought about but never put into words. It is something I will share with my family and will add to my own living will. Again, thank you for a beautifully written document. You are appreciated.

  8. Sylvia on Tue, 22nd Jan 2013 4:22 pm 

    I just copied this to review with my mother whose doctor has agreed to her requests about endo of life but he, himself, has a religious issue. He promised he would find the ICU MD to make the final call about ‘pulling the plug’ but this is so much more detailed and helpful.

    Wonderful guide, Viki. And thanks..I was on the call today and got a copy of your book. I am looking forward to reading it.


  9. Viki Kind on Tue, 22nd Jan 2013 6:53 pm 

    Thanks. You had great questions today. I am glad you will be able to use my quality-of-life statement. Make sure a copy of whatever your mom finally drafts gets into her medical record at the hospital and at each of her doctor’s offices. If she gets admitted again, you need to alert everyone that she has a document in the chart and you expect them to honor it. You need to do this each time she changes departments: ER to ICU to regular room to TCU, etc. Although medical information should travel with the patient, it often gets lost in the details. Also, alert each new doctor and nurse as they come on as part of her care team.

  10. Leanne Collins Miller on Sun, 27th Jan 2013 9:42 pm 

    Thank you for filling in the many gaps I would have missed addressing in my Advance Directive. You’ve made the end of life issues easier for me to discuss with my family.
    Two years ago, I completed the P.O.L.S.T. form for my elderly mother who is in a care facility. I was a little confused because my mom has an Advance Directive and now realize this form is a mandated requirement in CA.


  11. Steven Boorstein, PharmD, CFP® on Sun, 3rd Dec 2017 5:46 am 

    Viki, thanks so much for sharing that QoL Directive! Being a financial planner with a health care background, I have made the topic of having a Medical Power of Attorney along with a QoL Directive part of the conversation I have with almost every client. Sometimes it is difficult to have them complete the directive for various reasons. However, I would like to share this article and your site with them so they can see how and why a clearly, personally written QoL Directive can not only provide the care they want, but help relieve a major stress that is placed upon the power of attorney, caregivers and family.

  12. The Elder Law Practice of Cash and Whatley – Leaving Well on Wed, 27th Dec 2017 8:44 am 

    […] My New Quality-of-Life Statement to Attach to My Advance Directive […]

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